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"The Spanish Colonial Revival was a direct outgrowth of the earlier Mission style, and examples were built as early as the 1890s in Southern California.  The symbolic beginning of the revival was the San Diego Fair in 1915 and the building designed for the fair by Bertram G. Goodhue and Carleton M. Winslow.  By the 1920s it became the style for Southern California.  Hispanic or, as they were often called, Mediterranean designs were employed for the full range of building types.
Many communities adopted the style.  The term Spanish Colonial Revival actually entails a number of related styles – including the Italian of northern Italy, the Plateresque, Churrigueresque and neo-Classic of Spain and her colonies, and the Islamic from North Africa.  Its most formal exercises looked to Italian examples while the Andalusian was employed for informal designs.  The acknowledged master of the style was the Montecito architect George Washington Smith.  The style’s greatest period of popularity was 1915-1930."
                            - Excerpt from “A guide to Architecture in Los Angeles and Southern California”, David Gebhard & Robert Winter, p.699.
The Mediterranean Revival was an eclectic design style can be used to describe not only the Spanish Colonial Revival Styles of the early part of the 20th century but any of the revival styles that are derivative from styles found in the Mediterranean.  Italian, Moroccan, Southern French and Spanish Revival Style buildings can all be considered Mediterranean Revival.


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